by Robert McGinty & r & Remember when your grandparents and great-grandparents talked about "only" having an eighth-grade education? Well, here's a newsflash: A century ago, you probably couldn't have even graduated from eighth grade. (No, Dorothy, not even in Kansas, home of forward-thinking school boards.) The following is a final exam given to eighth-graders in Salina, Kan., in 1895.
EIGHTH-GRADE FINAL EXAM & r & Grammar (Time: one hour) & lt;ol & & lt;li & Give nine rules for the use of capital letters. & lt;li & Name the parts of speech and define those that have no modifications. & lt;li & Define "verse," "stanza" and "paragraph." & lt;li & What are the principal parts of a verb? Give the principal parts of "lie," "lay" and "run." & lt;li & Define "case." Illustrate each case. & lt;li & What is punctuation? Give rules for the principal marks of punctuation. & lt;li & Write a composition of about 150 words and show therein that you understand the practical use of the rules of grammar. & lt;/ol &
Arithmetic (Time: 75 minutes) & lt;ol & & lt;li & Name and define the fundamental rules of arithmetic. & lt;li & A wagon box is 2 feet deep, 10 feet long, and 3 feet wide. How many bushels of wheat will it hold? & lt;li & If a load of wheat weighs 3,942 pounds, what is it worth at 50 cents a bushel, deducting 1,050 pounds for tare? & lt;li & District No. 33 has a valuation of $35,000. What's the necessary levy to carry on school seven months at $50 per month while retaining $104 for incidentals? & lt;li & Find the cost of 6,720 pounds of coal at $6 per ton. & lt;li & Find the interest of $512.60 for 8 months and 18 days at 7 percent per annum. & lt;li & What is the cost of 40 boards that are 12 inches wide and 16 feet long at $20 per square foot? & lt;li & Find the bank discount on $300 for 90 days, no grace, at 10 percent. & lt;li & What is the cost of a square farm, the distance around which is 640 rods, at $15 per acre? & lt;li & Write a bank check, a promissory note and a receipt. & lt;/ol &
U.S. History (Time: 45 minutes) & lt;ol & & lt;li & Give the epochs into which U. S. History is divided. & lt;li & Give an account of the discovery of America by Columbus. & lt;li & Relate the causes and results of the Revolutionary War. & lt;li & Show the territorial growth of the United States. & lt;li & Tell what you can of the history of Kansas. & lt;li & Describe three of the most prominent battles of the Rebellion. & lt;li & Who were the following: Morse, Whitney, Fulton, Bell, Lincoln, Penn and Howe? & lt;li & Name events connected with the following dates: & r & 1607, 1620, 1800, 1849, 1865. & lt;/ol &
Orthography (Time: one hour) & lt;ol & & lt;li & What is meant by each of the following: alphabet, phonetic, orthography, etymology, syllabication? & lt;li & What are elementary sounds? How are they classified? & lt;li & What are the following? & r & Provide examples of each: & r & trigraphs, sub-vocals, diphthongs, cognate letters, linguals. & lt;li & Give four substitutes for caret 'u'. & lt;li & Give two rules for spelling words with final 'e.' Name two exceptions under each rule. & lt;li & Give two uses of silent letters in spelling. Illustrate each. & lt;li & Define the following prefixes and use in connection with a word: bi, dis, mis, pre, semi, post, non, inter, mono, sup. & lt;li & Mark diacritically and divide into syllables the following. Name the sign that indicates the sound. & r & card, ball, mercy, sir, odd, cell, rise, blood, fare, last. & lt;li & Use the following correctly in sentences: cite, site, sight, fane, fain, feign, vane, vain, vein, raze, raise, rays. & lt;li & Write 10 words frequently mispronounced and indicate their pronunciation by the use of diacritical marks and syllabication. & lt;/ol &
Geography (Time: one hour) & r & & lt;ol & & lt;li & What is climate? Upon what does climate depend? & lt;li & How do you account for the extremes of climate in Kansas? & lt;li & Of what use are rivers? Of what use is the ocean? & lt;li & Describe the mountains of North America. & lt;li & Name and describe the following: Monrovia, Odessa, Denver, Manitoba, Hecla, Yukon, St. Helena, Juan Fernandez, Aspinwall and Orinoco. & lt;li & Name and locate the principal trade centers of the United States. & lt;li & Name all the republics of Europe and give the capital of each. & lt;li & Why is the Atlantic Coast colder than the Pacific in the same latitude? & lt;li & Describe the process by which the water of the ocean returns to the sources of rivers. & lt;li & Describe the movements of the earth. Give the inclination of the earth. & lt;/ol &
This test was found in the Smokey Valley Genealogical Society and Library in Salina and reprinted by the Salina Journal.
The new one is smart and funny and action-packed, and it’s bigger and better and sleeker. And Downey does it again, this time ramping up Stark’s arrogant wisecracking, telling anyone who’ll listen (mostly women) that, via the creation of his powerful Iron Man suit, he’s brought years of uninterrupted peace to the world.